Connect with us

Business

Why Facebook created an AI bot that can beat humans at Hanabi

Published

on


  • The impact of artificial intelligence on the workforce is a hotly debated subject. In the world of gaming, however, AI is already replacing humans.
  • Facebook AI researchers say they built a bot that can exceed human performance in Hanabi, a cooperative game that requires players to interpret the actions and intentions of other players. 
  • The achievement signals a jump in the capability of the technology to replicate the cognitive skills of humans, as opposed to the method of training the models through rewards and punishments that was used for other models. 
  • Click here for more BI Prime stories.

Opinions are split on the magnitude of the impact that artificial intelligence will have on the workforce. In the gaming world, however, it’s already displacing top human players.

Last month, Lee Se-dol — one of the top South Korean players in Go, a complex Chinese board game that dates back 2,500 years — announced he would retire because it became impossible to beat AI-powered bots. This comes after Se-dol lost a series of matches in 2016 to a bot developed by Google-owned AlphaGo.

Now, Hanabi may be next. Facebook researchers have built a bot they say can outperform the most skilled players at the cooperative card game that requires individuals to play off the hands of other participants because they are unable to view their own cards.  

While other models have exceeded at games like Go, chess, and poker, researchers were able to scale those projects through a technique known as “reinforcement learning,” a process that uses a series of rewards and punishments to train behavior — similar to how one might approach raising a puppy.

Project leads at the social media giant’s research lab say their latest bot signals a significant improvement because it can replicate cognitive skills to put itself in the perspective of other players in the game, a trait known as “theory of mind.”

“These techniques that we are developing that can cope with things like theory of mind will play an important part as we extend to other domains like natural language processing,” AI researcher Noam Brown told Business Insider.

Employing AI to cooperate, instead of compete, against humans

Facebook AI Research is a group of about 300 employees that is wholly focused on academic studies into the technology. While some of the projects might dovetail off of Facebook’s AI goals, Brown and fellow researcher Adam Lerer say they independently choose what problems to tackle.

The group aims to answer “long-term research questions that we think of as barriers to the advancement of artificial intelligence,” said Lerer.

“You can’t always predict what is going to be the next big thing, so you have to give the freedom to the researchers … even if there’s not a five-year plan for turning this into a product” that can be monetized, Brown added.

Hanabi posed a unique challenge because unlike chess, for example, the bot is not going strictly head-to-head against a human. The nature of the game requires players to cooperate with other participants and interpret their intentions based on gameplay to win.

A player is unable to view their hand — just the hands of the other participants — and only narrow hints are provided throughout gameplay. So one player may seek to gain an advantage by suggesting one hidden card is a certain color because he or she wants that color played next. 

Hanabi was proposed as a key challenge for AI by researchers at Google’s DeepMind for that reason. 

The model had to reason “about the intent and the beliefs that other people have that lead them to take the actions that they do.” Lerer said. The team had to build a “conversational agent that can reason about what a person is saying without having to explicitly tell them everything.”

The project is so promising because it signals that AI could eventually be able to cooperate alongside humans to tackle complex challenge, as opposed to just replacing them in tasks like monitoring shelves in Walmart for restocking.



Source link

Continue Reading

Business

The Dem debate in Las Vegas got more viewers than these programs

Published

on


The ‘Game of Thrones’ finale

game of thrones

“Game of Thrones”

HBO


Complaints from longtime fans aside, “Game of Thrones” was a consistent bread winner for HBO, bringing in high ratings for the premium cable network. 

However, diminishing enthusiasm over the final season of the series left the finale episode not only outpaced by the Las Vegas debate, but also not even the most viewed episode of the season, falling to a 15,845 rating.



Source link

Continue Reading

Business

Dwyane Wade: 2012-13 Heat win streak had peak LeBron, couldn’t lose

Published

on


  • Dwyane Wade said the 2012-13 Miami Heat was a “special” team and felt like they couldn’t lose, particularly during their historic 27-game winning streak.
  • Wade said that team may have featured LeBron James at his peak — though he argued James may still be there now.
  • The dominance of that Heat team and the fun they had on the court changed public opinion of them after the “Big Three” joined up, according to Wade, a decision he is also proud of.
  • Visit Business Insider’s homepage for more stories.

The 2012-13 Miami Heat can boast a claim as one of the greatest teams in NBA history.

In their third year with the “Big Three” of LeBron James, Dwyane Wade, and Chris Bosh, the Heat went 66-16 in the regular season, including a 27-game win streak, the second-longest NBA history. They went 12-4 in the first three rounds of the playoffs, then won the championship in a thrilling, seven-game series with the San Antonio Spurs, notching their second straight title.

While speaking to Business Insider ahead of the release of his ESPN documentary, “Life Unexpected,” Wade said that Heat team knew they were doing something “special” and created memories they’ll never forget.

“I think going through that process, we knew that it was something special that was being done,” Wade said. “You could feel it.”

lebron james dwyane wade

LeBron James and Dwyane Wade.

Ronald Martinez/Getty


The 27-game win streak, in particular, featured some of the most dominant basketball the league has ever seen. The Heat did not lose from February 3 to March 27 before finally falling to the Chicago Bulls in Chicago. During that span, the Heat outscored teams by nearly 13 points per 100 possessions. Sixteen of the 27 wins were by double-digits.

“Winning 27 in a row, man, it felt like you can never lose, you know,” Wade said. “It was just automatic. Down 27 in a fourth quarter? That’s okay, we’ll come back. It was that mentality and it was so much fun.”

That season may have also been LeBron James’ finest (a lofty achievement). James took home his fourth MVP that year and dominated both sides of the ball. Bosh has since told The Ringer’s Bill Simmons that it was the best basketball he’s ever seen anyone play. Wade agreed that it may have been the best he’s seen James.

“Definitely ‘Bron was at his — I mean you can’t say that he’s not at his peak still, but you know, he was definitely at the best of LeBron James we have ever seen.”

Wade said that Heat team also found its groove off the court. He noted that that was the season they produced their own viral “Harlem Shake” video.

“Two years before, we was the team that was hated because of the decision we made,” Wade said, referring to the teaming up of James, Bosh, and Wade. “And then two years later we was loved because we have fun playing the game of basketball.”

miami heat big 3

Dwyane Wade, Chris Bosh, and LeBron James.

Chris Trotman/Getty


Wade looks back at that decision to team up with equal pride. That Heat era seems like a flash in the pan — four years, four Finals appearances, two championships, and that was it. James returned to the Cleveland Cavaliers in 2014. Wade and Bosh remained with the Heat, but Bosh’s career was cut short in 2016 with blood clots. 

Wade, however, said that the impact of the three stars teaming up still resonates today, what many in the NBA world consider the “player empowerment” era.

“I’m proud to be a part of, you know, LeBron and Chris Bosh and myself, proud that we was a part of creating that change and shifting the power,” Wade said. “It’ll shift back at some point, but 10 years strong, the power has been shifted into the player’s hand. As a player and as an advocate for the players coming forward, after us, coming up, that’s what you want.

“We understand what the game has done for us and the platform the game give us, but the game is only as good as the players. And the fact that the players can have that power, it makes me feel good to know that we was, you know, in the beginning phases of that.”



Source link

Continue Reading

Business

Latin America Fintech Landscape report from Business Insider

Published

on


Fintech has had a staggering influence globally, catapulting to new highs in major financial markets like the UK and the US, but Latin America (LATAM) has lagged behind — until now. 

Latin America Smartphone Adoption



Business Insider Intelligence


A massive fintech boom is taking hold in the region as innovative upstarts look to leverage widespread smartphone and internet penetration to serve the region’s massive unbanked and underbanked populations and small- and medium-sized businesses (SMBs).

Meanwhile, authorities in many of these countries have enacted fintech-friendly regulations, having identified fintech and digital financial services as a way to provide widespread financial access, while international investors have honed in on the region as an attractive investment space as it becomes harder to identify and compete for these startups in mature markets like the US and UK.

And the pace of fintech growth in the region is evidenced by the vast sums LATAM startups have raised: In Q2 2019, fintechs secured $481 million, representing a six-quarter high, at least, and accounting for 69% of the total raised in the region across all of 2018, per CB Insights.

In fact, those Q2 funding figures outpaced the sums raised by both Chinese ($375 million) and Indian ($350 million) fintechs for the first time — both notable Asian hubs that typically rake in substantial funding. All told, LATAM’s fintech ecosystem represents a huge opportunity, with the size of the industry estimated to exceed $150 billion by 2021.  

In the Latin America Fintech Landscape report, Business Insider Intelligence identifies five key fintech markets in the region — Brazil, Mexico, Colombia, Argentina, and Chile — that provide meaningful insights into LATAM’s fintech ecosystem. The report explores the factors driving fintech growth in each country, identifies the key fintech segments within each market, and discusses what has made major players in each segment successful as well as how they can improve going forward. Finally, we examine opportunities and challenges in each country to illustrate how fintechs and incumbents can leverage the progress already made to further transform the region’s financial services landscape. 

The companies mentioned in this report are: Addi, Afluenta, Aliatu, Aspiria, Banco Inter, BBVA, ClearScore, ComparaOnline, ContaAzul, Contabilizei, Credijusto, Cumplo, Finaktiva, Jooycar, Klar, Konfio, Kubo.financiero, Kueski, Lineru, Mercado Credito, MercadoLibre, Moni, Neon, Nubank, Omie, OmniBnk, RapiCredit, Rebanking, RedCapital, Sempli, Starling, Ualá, Uber, Wilobank.

Here are some of the key takeaways from the report:

  • Fintech has spread globally over the past decade, taking root in various hubs worldwide, but Latin America has always lagged behind — until now.
  • This report highlights five countries — Brazil, Mexico, Colombia, Argentina, and Chile — that are dominating LATAM’s booming fintech ecosystem.
  • Brazil is the region’s economic powerhouse and home to some of the most innovative players.
  • Mexico, LATAM’s second largest economy, is battling Brazil to become the dominant fintech hub, and boasts the greatest number of fintechs in the region.
  • Colombia, while considerably behind the region’s two dominant fintech ecosystems, has quietly consolidated its position as the third largest fintech ecosystem in LATAM.
  • Argentina’s long history of economic booms and busts has created a fertile environment for fintech growth.
  • Although Chile is the smallest fintech ecosystem of the five, it has seen rapid growth of fintech players over the last 18 months.

In full, the report:

  • Identifies the five markets at the forefront of LATAM’s fintech revolution: Brazil, Mexico, Colombia, Argentina, and Chile.
  • Discuss the factors driving fintech’s growth in each market, highlighting both regional factors as well as localized drivers.
  • Details the most notable fintech segments in each market and the major players in each segment.
  • Outlines the fintech opportunities and challenges in each of those countries going forward.

Interested in getting the full report? Here’s how to get access:

  1. Purchase & download the full report from our research store. >>  Purchase & Download Now
  2. Sign up for Fintech Pro, Business Insider Intelligence’s expert product suite tailored for today’s (and tomorrow’s) decision-makers in the financial services industry, delivered to your inbox 6x a week. >> Get Started
  3. Join thousands of top companies worldwide who trust Business Insider Intelligence for their competitive research needs. >> Inquire About Our Enterprise Memberships
  4. Current subscribers can read the report here.



Source link

Continue Reading

Trending