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UN Initiative To Mobilize Climate Financing Going “Very Well”, Says Jamaica PM



Jamaica Prime Minister Andrew Holness

KINGSTON, Jamaica, Saturday October 5,
– Prime
Minister Andrew Holness, says the political initiative being led by himself and
President of France, Emmanuel Macron, to mobilize climate financing to support
the implementation of the Paris Agreement has been going “very well”.

“We have
come up with some excellent ideas on how this can be done and we will be
marketing this all around the world,” he said.

“We have
started and countries are making greater pledges about increasing their work.”

Last year,
at the 73rd Session of the United General Assembly (UNGA) in New York, Holness
and President Macron were asked by UN Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres, to
mobilise the Government and private-sector support in raising US$100 billion
per year in climate finance by 2020.

The UN
Secretary-General said that the funds were needed to address the mitigation and
adaptation needs of developing countries.

He noted
that within the context of the Paris Agreement, developed countries have
reaffirmed the pledge made at the UN Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen in
2009, to mobilise $100 billion per year from a combination of public and
private sources.

Minister Holness, in noting the importance of the initiative, said that “we
know from where we are living that there are changes that are happening in our
climate, which are leading to disasters”.

disasters obviously have a human impact… a dislocating and devastating human
impact. It is important to know, though, that there is also a fiscal impact…
meaning the ability of the country to finance recovery. So, we have to do our
part in figuring out ways to finance after a weather event that creates a
disaster and how do we finance before a weather event that is likely to create
a disaster,” he said.

Meanwhile, Holness
said that Jamaica is looking to work with the United States to strengthen the
island’s disaster resilience.

He noted that he met with Vice President Mike Pence at the White House and “we had a very good conversation on how Jamaica and the United States can work closer in ensuring that there is a good plan in place for disaster recovery and resilience”.

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UN Calls for Urgent Action to Curb Rise in Hunger and Obesity in Latin America and the Caribbean




NEW YORK, United
States, Wednesday November 13, 2019
– Since 1975, adult obesity in Latin
America and the Caribbean region has tripled, while one in four are going
hungry, according to figures published by the United Nations yesterday.

And the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United
Nations (FAO), the Pan American Health Organization / World Health Organization
(PAHO / WHO), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the World Food
Programme (WFP), have called for countries in the region to develop urgent
actions to address the increase in malnutrition.

The report, Panorama of Food and Nutritional Security 2019,
highlights the need to promote healthier food environments through taxes and
incentives that favour healthy food, social protection systems, school feeding
programs and the regulation of food advertising and marketing. The agencies also
stress the importance of improving food labeling with frontal nutritional
warning systems, ensuring the safety and quality of food sold on the street,
and reformulating the composition of certain products to ensure their
nutritional contribution.

According to the report, the most significant increase in
adult obesity in the region was observed in the Caribbean, where the percentage
quadrupled, rising from 6 per cent in 1975 to 25 per cent, an increase in
absolute terms from 760,000 to 6.6 million people.

“The explosive increase in obesity –which affects 24 per
cent of the regional population, about 105 million people, almost double the
global level of 13.2 per cent– not only has huge economic costs, but also
threatens the lives of hundreds of thousands,” said the FAO’s Regional
Representative, Julio Berdegué.

According to Panorama, every year 600,000 people die in
Latin America and the Caribbean due to diseases related to poor diets, such as
diabetes, hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. Inadequate diets are
associated with more deaths than any other risk factor, something that
threatens our future generations, since the rates of both childhood and
adolescent obesity have tripled between 1990 and 2016.

“We must act now to reverse this trend and prevent children
from suffering the consequences of poor diets on their health and their future
quality of life,” said PAHO/WHO Director Carissa F. Etienne.

“To achieve this, we need the commitment of the whole
society and public policies that regulate unhealthy food products, create
environments conducive to physical activity and promote healthy eating at
school and at the family table.”

The publication highlights that the region is worse than the
rest of the world in the majority of malnutrition indicators related to
excessive calorie intake: overweight has doubled since the 1970s, and today
affects 59.5 per cent of adults in the region, 262 million people, while
globally the rate is 20 percentage points lower: 39.1 per cent.

In contrast, the region has lower undernourishment rates
than the world (6.5 per cent for the region versus 10.8 worldwide), stunting (9
per cent versus 21.9), and much lower rates of wasting (1.3 per cent, versus
7.3 for the world). However, the agencies warn of the worrying increase in hunger,
which has grown again by 4.5 million people since 2014 –an increase of 11 per
cent– reaching 42.5 million in 2018, its highest point of the last decade.

The Panorama makes a detailed analysis of how the food
environment of the region has changed, understood as the space of interaction
between people and the physical, economic, political and socio-cultural
conditions that influence the way they acquire, prepare and consume food.

Sales of ultra-processed food products are the fastest
growing in Latin America and they increase the population’s exposure to
excessive amounts of sugar, sodium and fat. Between 2000 and 2013, the
consumption of ultra-processed products grew by more than 25 per cent, and fast
food consumption grew almost 40 per cent.

“In Latin America and the Caribbean, too many children eat
too little healthy food and too much processed food,” said Bernt Aasen, UNICEF
Regional Director for Latin America and the Caribbean. “Almost 1 in 5 children
under 5 are malnourished or overweight, which prevents them from growing well.
It is everyone’s task to ensure healthy food is available and affordable for
all families, especially the most vulnerable.”

The expansion of supermarket chains and the preponderance of
large food processing industries is another major change in the regional food
environment, one which has made ultra-processed products available everywhere,
and at lower prices than nutritious food. Poor people have been hardest hit by
these changes, since for this population group it is often easier and cheaper
to access unhealthy rather than healthy food.

“If we expand social protection programmes in our
region, we would better face the double burden that hunger and obesity
represent for communities and families,” said WFP Regional Director Miguel
Barreto. “These are the two faces of malnutrition.”

Social protection programmes today cover more than 200 million people in Latin America and the Caribbean, including 85 million schoolchildren who receive breakfast, snacks or lunch.

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Haïti – Actualité : Zapping…




Haïti – Actualité : Zapping…
13/11/2019 10:47:02

Haïti - Actualité : Zapping...

Effondrement d’une maisonnettes 4 victimes :

Les pluies diluviennes qui se sont abattues sur la région métropolitaine dans la nuit du dimanche ont provoqué l’effondrement d’une maisonnette à l’impasse Ridoré Carrefour-feuilles causant 3 blessés et la mort d’un enfant de 7 ans de la même famille.

L’hôpital Bernard Mev’s pourrait fermer :

L’hôpital Bernard Mev’s pourrait être contraint de fermer ses portes prochainement en raison de graves difficultés financières. En effet de nombreux anciens patients et institutions refusent de payer leurs dettes envers le Centre hospitalier. Selon des responsables, l’hôpital a déjà été contraint de mettre certains employés en disponibilité.

Manif : Le nombre de mort double en un mois :

Jocelyne Colas Noël Directrice exécutive de la Commission Épiscopale Nationale Justice et Paix (CE-JILAP ) a révélé que le nombre de morts, victimes des mobilisation anti-gouvernementale avait doublé entre septembre et octobre passant de 24 à une quarantaine en octobre en raison notamment du climat propice au développement et à la multiplications des Gangs et des activités criminelles.

Pénurie d’eau à l’hôpital Sainte-Thérèse :

Le Dr. Clarel Courtois, Directeur a.i. de l’hôpital Sainte-Thérèse de Miragoâne, a attiré l’attention sur une rareté d’eau à laquelle le plus grand Centre hospitalier du département des Nippes se trouve confronté ces derniers jours. « Comme tous les autres hôpitaux publics, Sainte-Thérèse fait face à d’énormes problèmes […] le plus grave c’est la pénurie d’eau […] Cela fait plus de deux ans que la Direction Nationale d’Eau Potable (DINEPA) a cessé d’alimenter l’hôpital… »

La France ne veut pas d’un nouveau chaos en Haïti :

La France souhaite le dialogue entre les acteurs haïtiens pour résoudre la crise. Le Gouvernement Français affirme qu’il ne veut pas d’une nouvelle situation chaotique en Haïti et demande au Président Jovenel Moïse d’être à la hauteur des circonstances pour mettre en place ce dialogue national.

La Sénatrice Étienne au Kenya :

La Sénatrice du Nord, Dieudonne Luma Étienne est au Kenya (Afrique de l’Est) où elle participe du 12 au 14 novembre au Sommet « ICPD25 : Accelerating the Promise ». Mardi, la Sénatrice Étienne a prononcé le discours de fermeture de la première session de haut niveau sur l’afro-descendance prononcera ce mercredi le discours d’ouverture de la deuxième session sur l’afro-descendance avec un focus régional.

HL/ HaïtiLibre

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Haiti needs U.S. to care | Editorial




Life has never been easy in Haiti, and that may be why the current nightmare there is not getting more attention. For about seven weeks now, a struggle between President Jovenel Moïse and the opposition has fed a storm of violent demonstrations, burning tires, looting and arson, all but shutting down transportation, schools, gas stations and medical services and leaving at least 30 dead.

The ostensible goal of the demonstrations is the ouster of Mr. Moïse, a businessman who came to power in 2017 after a two-round election plagued by accusations of fraud and a meager turnout. Before that, he had been involved in a scandal over whether he received funds for road repairs that never took place, allegations he denies. He refuses to step down, and few Haitians have put forward any ideas on who or what should come next, or how Haiti can pull itself out of its tailspin.

At the heart of the crisis is a broad despair that the existing political and economic system has not overcome the rampant corruption, spiraling inflation, food and drinking water scarcities, lawlessness and endless other indignities that have steadily worsened the lives of people in the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere and one of the poorest in the world. The country has had at least 10 presidents since its first democratic election in 1990; only three have completed five-year terms.

Compounding the misery is a sense that nobody cares. During the Cold War, the United States tacitly supported the dictatorships of François Duvalier and his son Jean-Claude Duvalier because of their anti-Communist stance, and in the 1990s Washington first propped up and then helped force out the first democratically elected president, Jean-Bertrand Aristide.

After a horrific earthquake in 2010, in which more than 200,000 people lost their lives and tens of thousands of buildings were destroyed, many countries and organizations responded with generous aid and teams of rescue and medical workers. A United Nations peacekeeping mission set up in 2004 provided a modicum of stability, but it was also blamed for bringing cholera to Haiti, and dozens of its peacekeepers were involved in sexual abuse scandals. The last of the United Nations peacekeepers recently departed, contributing to the current lawlessness.

In the present crisis, protesters have accused the United States of standing by Mr. Moïse, who curried favor with the Trump administration by turning against Haiti’s former patron in Venezuela, Nicolás Maduro, the leftist president the administration is trying to oust. In fact, the American “support” has consisted solely of limp calls for “dialogue.” Haiti has been on the receiving end of Donald Trump’s ill will, which has been focused in migrants and the movement of drugs, most notably when he said in 2018, among other crude things: “Why do we need more Haitians? Take them out.”

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It is clear from the current meltdown that Haiti needs more than another election or a “dialogue” among elected leaders to tinker with malfunctioning institutions. Some followers of the crisis have argued for a concerted effort by the international community to restart a functioning system. Some Haitians believe that the future requires the convening of a council of elected officials and civil and business leaders to stop the continuing deterioration of the rule of law.

What is clear is that something has to change, and the country needs outside help. The question is where to begin. The Trump administration is not in the business of helping poor countries unless there is some sort of reciprocal deal. The current spasm of destructive demonstrations does not seem capable of bringing real change.

Yet it is demonstrably in the interest of the United States and the rest of the Western Hemisphere to help their poorest neighbor get back on its feet. There must be enough expertise and imagination available in Haiti and among international and nongovernmental organizations to formulate a plan and to help form a coalition government, and there must be long-term international assistance to get them going.

The first step is to recognize that Haiti, a nation of 11 million just over 800 miles south of Florida, is in dire straits and getting worse by the day. And to care.

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