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Nature-Based Climate Solutions Opportunity for Latin America and the Caribbean

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Cozumel, Mexico, protected area along the Caribbean coast. (Credit: Devin H/Unsplash)

WASHINGTON, United States, Friday December 6, 2019
(IPS)
– Protecting and restoring natural
areas in Latin America, home to 50 per cent of the planet’s biodiversity and
over a quarter of its forests, is critical if the world is to avert a biodiversity
and climate disaster.

Scientific reports have confirmed that
urgent action is required to turn back the tide on these twin crises. The best
available science also confirms that, coupled with drastically cutting
green-house gas emissions from fossil fuels, changing how we use land and
ecosystems can help avoid a biodiversity freefall and prevent the worst impacts
of climate change.

Latin America’s biodiversity has
plummeted in the last 40 years and the region is already experiencing the
impacts of climate change first hand. Failure to protect and restore the
region’s natural resources is not a viable option—for the region nor the world.

Fortunately, countries in the region
are making progress on both counts and could help forge a path that supports
human wellbeing by protecting natural systems.

COP25 is an opportunity for Latin
American countries to demonstrate their commitment and ambition in this area.

Countries in Latin America have
already shown important leadership in establishing protected areas and other
conservation strategies.

Scientists recommend that we protect
30 per cent of the earth’s lands and 30 per cent of its oceans by 2030 (30×30)
to put the world on track toward a climate resilient future and restore
critical ecosystem services.

This is an ambitious, yet realistic
and necessary path where Latin America can demonstrate its leadership.
According to World Bank data, Latin America and the Caribbean already has a
greater percentage of land (23.4 per cent) under protected status than the
world average (14.7 per cent).

Several countries, including Ecuador,
Panama, and Peru, have already met or surpassed the Convention of Biological
Diversity’s (CBD) target of protecting 17 per cent of terrestrial areas by
2020. Others, like Costa Rica, are very close to meeting the 30 per cent goal
scientists are calling for, or indeed have already met it.

The World Bank’s data also shows that
marine protected areas represent 17.5 per cent of the region’s territorial
waters. Several countries including Chile, Colombia, and Mexico have met or
surpassed the CBD’s target of protecting 10 per cent of coastal and marine
areas by 2020.

However, there is still work left to
do to meet the scientific recommendation of protecting 30 per cent of global
marine areas. Among other things, it will be key to ensure ocean protections
focus on the right places and provide the right safeguards.

Countries in the region that already
protect significant portions of their territory, or are working to expand
protections, are well placed to help drive forward high ambition
internationally.

At the third regional congress on
protected areas held in October in Lima, Peru, participants from local
governments, indigenous communities and civil society representing 33 countries
issued a declaration committing to “improving the management of protected areas
and other conservation strategies…to conserve what we have, and to recover what
we have lost, in order to guarantee development, enhance wellbeing, health,
cultural expressions and life in cities.”

The event generated inputs and
recommendations for global climate and biodiversity discussions. A key
contribution from the region is the experience of Indigenous Peoples who have
been shown to be the best custodians of the region’s forests and biodiversity
treasures.

The region has also seen a number of
innovative approaches to conservation including payments for ecosystem
services, agroforestry, community forestry concessions, and privately led
protected areas.

The potential for nature-based
solutions in Latin America is vast. The Special Report on Climate Change and
Land, released by the IPCC last August made it abundantly clear that
sustainable land management is vital to limiting warming to 1.5 degrees
Celsius.

Countries in the region can lead on
identifying and implementing nature-based solutions that help combat climate
change, preserve biodiversity stocks, and strengthen the resilience of communities.
In turn, the international community should support these efforts by directing
technical and financial resources toward these solutions.

Nature-based solutions focus on
protecting, managing and restoring natural areas to provide environmental and societal
benefits. In Latin America, preventing the degradation, disturbance and
deforestation of the region’s forests avoids climate-warming emissions from
entering the atmosphere, while also protecting critical local water and
species.

Similarly, protecting and restoring
mangrove forests in northern South America, which harbour nearly as much “blue
carbon” as mangroves in Asia, brings mitigation benefits while protecting
communities from storms and flooding. And in places prone to drought and
wildfire, well managed natural grasslands store carbon in their root mass while
also replenishing water reserves.

Latin American cities can also apply
nature-based solutions, for example green infrastructure like green roofs,
bioswales and permeable pavements can help clean the air, reduce excessive
heat, alleviate floods, and filter water.

Failing to act with urgency is not an
option. The region has lost 89 per cent of its vertebrate wildlife populations
since 1970 (compared to the 60 per cent for the entire planet). Conservative
estimates from ECLAC put the economic cost of climate change for the region at
between 1.5 per cent and 5 per cent of the region’s GDP by 2050.

Implementing nature-based climate
solutions and equitably distributing their costs and benefits are one way that
Latin American countries can ensure the well-being of citizens and build more
just and equal societies.

There is an opportunity for renewed
leadership at COP25. The nature and climate nexus is poised to be an important
part of the conversations at COP25 in Madrid, Spain over the next two weeks.

The COP presents an ideal opportunity for countries from the region to establish themselves as leaders—or laggards—on nature-based climate solutions and the target of protecting 30 per cent of nature that science recommends, and humanity’s well-being requires.

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Former Haitian Ambassador visits Charlottesville – – CBS19 News

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Former Haitian Ambassador visits Charlottesville –  CBS19 News

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Bahamas Government to Liberalize Investment Process for Areas Affected by Hurricane Dorian

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Hurricane Dorian caused US$3.5 billion in damages and losses, according to IDB and ECLAC.

NASSAU, The Bahamas, Friday January
17, 2020
– The
Government is looking to simplify investment requirements and expedite
investment applications for Bahamian and international investors for Abaco, the
Abaco Cays, and East End and West End, Grand Bahama, Prime Minister Dr Hubert
Minnis has announced.

“We will
liberalize the process of investment for the affected areas,” the Prime
Minister told hundreds of local and international delegates attending the
Hurricane Dorian Pledging Conference at the Baha Mar Convention Centre this
week.

“Hard and
difficult decisions must be made if we are to rebuild, rebuild quickly, smartly
and with resilience.”

Further
details are expected to be released in the weeks ahead, said Prime Minister
Minnis.

Representatives
of governments, multilateral agencies and financial institutions attended the
Pledging Conference, which was geared towards mobilizing recovering financing
for Hurricane Dorian. It was held under the theme ‘Rebuilding a Stronger and
More Resilient Bahamas’ and US$1.5 billion was pledged in recovery funding and
in-kind services, which was just under half the estimated losses and damage the
Category 5 hurricane caused when it made landfall in the archipelago in
September 2019.

Abaco and
Grand Bahama reconstruction and recovery efforts are expected to get a boost
from the event which was organized by the Government of The Bahamas in
partnership with the United National Development Programme (UNDP).

The Prime
Minister said the Conference and other such efforts are an essential part of
the rebuilding process.

The
Government has already prepared specific reconstruction delivery plans, which
have been cross-referenced with the US$3.4 billion damage and loss assessment
by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) and the United Nations Economic
Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (UNECLAC).

The plans
focus on housing, the environment and debris clean up, education, health,
infrastructure and the economy. From the reconstruction delivery plans,
specific project concepts have been identified.

“Let me
re-emphasize that private sector, NGO and international contributions must be
aligned with the priority areas of the Government of The Bahamas,” said Prime
Minister Minnis.

He noted
that progress is being made on the ground on Abaco, the Abaco Cays and Grand
Bahama, including the removal of debris and the restoration of various
services.

“Despite the progress, someone visiting, especially Abaco and the Abaco Cays, these four months later, will be shocked by the scope and scale of the devastation and the enormous, complex and many challenges of rebuilding,” he added, stressing that there is still a “very long road ahead”.

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Haïti – Actualité : Zapping…

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Haïti – Actualité : Zapping…
17/01/2020 10:29:20

Haïti - Actualité : Zapping...

7 ex-sénateurs portent plainte au CEP :

ALOMON (OPL), Dieupie Chérubin (KID), Ronald Lareche (VERITE), Nenel Cassy (FANMI LAVALAS) et Youri Latortue (AAA), portent plainte auprès du Conseil Électoral Provisoire, contestant la décision du Président Jovenel Moïse de mettre fin à leur mandat. Une démarche qui n’est pas supporté par les Sénateurs toujours en poste à la Chambre haute. Lire aussi : https://www.haitilibre.com/article-29760-haiti-flash-les-senateurs-reagissent.html

Croix-des-Bouquets : arrestation de 4 hommes armés :

Jeudi la Police Nationale d’Haïti (PNH) affectés au Commissariat de la Croix-des-bouquets a procédé à l’arrestation de 4 individus. Le premier a été arrêté avec en sa possession une arme illégale, les 3 autres ont été arrêté dans la zone de jumecourt (Tremblay 1). Au total 2 armes illégles ont été saisies.

Inauguration de la route Mombin Crochu/Vallières :

Ce vendredi 17 janvier aura lieu l’inauguration du tronçon de route Mombin Crochu / Vallières (Nord-Est) en présence du Président de la République Jovenel Moïse dans le cadre du programme baptisé « Louvri wout wo nòdès ».

« Les Haïtiens méritent un gouvernement réactif » :

« Les Haïtiens méritent un gouvernement réactif qui répond aux besoins économiques et sécuritaires. Le Chancelier Bocchit Edmond et moi avons discuté de la coopération, des questions régionales et de la nécessité d’un accord politique sur la formation du Gouvernement et d’un calendrier électoral en Haïti » a déclaré Michael G. Kozak, Secrétaire adjoint a.i. du Bureau des affaires de l’hémisphère occidental du Département d’État américain Lire aussi : https://www.haitilibre.com/article-29747-haiti-politique-jovenel-moise-n-abusera-pas-des-decrets-affirme-le-chancelier-edmond.html

L’opposition contre la dictature… :

Les signataires de l’opposition de l’accord de Marriott https://www.haitilibre.com/article-29254-haiti-politique-entente-politique-de-transition-texte-de-l-accord-de-l-opposition.html promettent d’utiliser tous les moyens pacifiques nécessaires afin d’empêcher le rétablissement par Jovenel Moise de la dictature dans le pays, annonçant la mise en place d’un mécanisme de concertation permanente permettant de mettre en application l’accord de Marriott.

Le Parti Fusion face au vide institutionnel :

Le Parti Fusion des sociaux démocrates haïtiens souligne la nécessité pour l’Exécutif d’adopter des dispositions pour combler le vide institutionnel au Parlement soutenant que les 10 sénateurs siégeant au grand corps ne peuvent pas poser d’actions constitutionnelles.

HL/ HaïtiLibre

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