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International Court of Justice to Hear Guyana/Venezuela Border Controversy Next Month

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GEORGETOWN, Guyana, Wednesday
February 12, 2020
– The
border dispute between Guyana and Venezuela is set to go before the
International Court of Justice (ICJ) next month.

The ICJ has
scheduled a hearing for the week of March 23, on the controversy arising from
Venezuela’s contention that the Arbitral Award of October 3, 1899 establishing
the boundary with Guyana is null and void.

Guyana will submit
its oral pleadings as to why the Court – which the case is before for a final
and binding resolution – was properly vested with jurisdiction by the United
Nations Secretary-General.

Venezuela
has so far taken the position that the Court has no jurisdiction and that it
will not participate in the proceedings. On November 29, 2019, it sent the ICJ
a Memorandum and issued a public communique in support of its argument that the
Court has no jurisdiction.

Guyana has rejected
them both and maintains the position that it is for the Court itself to
determine whether it has jurisdiction in accordance with established principles
of international law, and that neither party can unilaterally determine this
question.

Guyana’s
position is that the boundary was established by the Arbitral Tribunal acting
pursuant to a treaty concluded by Venezuela and Great Britain in 1897.

It contends
that Venezuela celebrated the unanimous Arbitral Award, which was rendered by
five eminent jurists; participated in a Joint Commission to demarcate the
boundary on the ground; and insisted on the Award’s strict implementation. Only
decades later, Guyana said, did Venezuela cease recognizing the Award’s
validity and binding nature.

To ensure a final resolution to the controversy through peaceful means, the Governments of British Guiana, Venezuela and the United Kingdom concluded the Geneva Agreement should be used to resolve the controversy. And on January 30, 2018, United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres chose adjudication by the Court as the means for resolving the controversy with finality.

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Haiti

Haitian Leaders Urged to End Political Impasse

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PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti, Wednesday February 26, 2020 – Leaders in Haiti must step up and end the
political impasse between President Jovenel Moïse and a surging opposition
movement that has paralyzed the island nation since July 2018, the top United
Nations (UN) official there says.

UN Special Representative Helen La
Lime made the call as she updated ambassadors on latest developments in the
prolonged divide which has left Haiti without a functioning government,
deflated the economy, and fuelled insecurity.

“Haiti is about to enter in its
second year with a caretaker government, its economy is forecast to sink deeper
into recession, and 4.6 million of its citizens are now estimated to require
humanitarian assistance,” she said, speaking via videoconference from Haiti’s
capital.

“To avoid a greater deterioration,
Haitian leaders need to rise to the occasion and commit to a way out of this
impasse that will best serve the interests of their people.”

La Lime was introducing the first
report on the UN Integrated Office in Haiti, which she heads.

Known by the French acronym BINUH, it
was stablished last October, following the end of 15 years of UN peacekeeping
operations. Its mandate includes strengthening political stability and good
governance.

During the past months, La Lime and
international partners the Organization of American States and the Holy See
have been supporting negotiations to forge consensus on a political
agreement. 

However, talks failed to yield
progress on the formation of a new government and the designation of a
“consensual” Prime Minister by the President.

“The lack of agreement on this
matter, as well as on the remaining length of President Moïse’s term, threatens
to needlessly prolong a situation that has already lasted too long,” she told
the UN Security Council.

In the interim, said Executive
Director of the non-profit Fondasyon Je Klere, Marie Yolène Gilles, who also
spoke from the capital city, Haitians are being subjected to widespread human
rights violations as armed gangs now control around a third of the country,
generating “a rising tide of cruelty”.

“We have witnessed odious killings,
decapitations, rapes, robberies, embezzlement and the diversion of supplies,
abductions and kidnappings,” she reported, later adding “we have death
squadrons, and that’s a form of state terrorism.”

La Lime told ambassadors the ongoing
impasse and economic troubles risk further affecting the integrity of the
national police and other key institutions.

The senior UN official said that while
the road to improved governance will be difficult, the deployment of the new UN
office should see deeper and more targeted collaboration with the country.

Success will be measured by progress
in six areas.  Besides facilitating
political consensus, strengthening the police and justice sectors, and
addressing unemployment and other grievances, benchmarks also focus on
addressing gang violence and promoting human rights.

“Only through a combination of strong
national will and steadfast international support can Haiti surmount the
multifaceted crisis with which it is contending,” said La Lime.

“I remain confident that the United Nations, in its new configuration, is uniquely placed to help State institutions address the factors that catalyze cyclical periods of instability in the country and ensure that Haiti is once again on the path to stability and sustainable development.”

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Haiti

Haïti – Actualité : Zapping…

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Haïti – Actualité : Zapping…
27/02/2020 09:28:53

Haïti - Actualité : Zapping...

La PNH ouverte au dialogue interne :

Ce jeudi 27 février la Commission de facilitation créée par le Haut commandement de la PNH, devrait se réunir avec les représentants des policiers qui se revendiquent du syndicat SPNH (non reconnu) autour de leurs revendications afin de trouver une solution à la crise que confronte l’institution policière

Avertissement de Moïse J-C

« La mobilisation va reprendre dans tout le pays. Si la population ne se soulève pas pour défendre ses droits, la situation sera pire. Il faut qu’on se soulève pour montrer au monde entier qu’on n’est pas d’accord avec l’ingérence de certains pays » a déclaré Moïse Jean Charles, leader de l’opposition radicale de la plateforme « Pitit Desalin ».

Les USA condamnent les violences en Haïti :

« Les États-Unis condamnent les violences récentes en Haïti https://www.haitilibre.com/article-30109-haiti-flash-affrontements-au-champ-de-mars-au-moins-une-douzaine-de-victimes-bilan-provisoire.html et appellent les haïtiens à rejeter la violence et à respecter l’État de Droit. Nous encourageons tous les Haïtiens à engager un dialogue constructif en vue de résoudre leurs différends. »

Protection de l’investissements étranger :

L’Ambassadeur d’Haïti au Royaume d’Espagne, Claude Joseph a rencontré José Sánchez Tinico, le Président de la Chambre de Commerce et d’industrie de Grande Canarie, pour discuter des efforts du Président Jovenel Moise visant à garantir l’investissement étranger en Haïti.

Bilan 3e jour gras du carnaval à Saint-Marc :

Au terme du 3e jour gras du carnaval à Saint-Marc, l’hôpital Saint-Nicolas a rapporté 8 blessés dont un par balle.

Épidémie COVID-19 : Bilan mondial 27 février 2020 :

Jeudi 27 février 2020, le nombre de personnes contaminées dans le monde par le Coronavirus COVID-19 (cas confirmés en laboratoire) s’élève aujourd’hui à 82,170 en hausse de 1,165 cas (+62.7%) par rapport à la veille (716), https://www.haitilibre.com/article-30126-haiti-actualite-zapping.html ; 2,804 décès (+1.5%) soit 42 cas de plus que la veille (2,762). Taux de mortalité moyen 3.4%. 32,898 personnes guéries soit 2,782 personnes (+19.6%) de plus par rapport à la veille (2,327).

On recense à ce jour hors de Chine, 3,673 cas confirmés de personnes dans un total de 49 pays (+24.9%) soit 732 cas de plus que la veille.

56 décès à l’étranger depuis le début de l’épidémie (décembre 2019) soit 7 de plus par rapport à la veille : 22 en Iran, 13 en Corée du Sud, 1 à Taïwan, 1 au Philippine, 2 à Hong Kong, 3 au Japon, 2 en France et 12 en Italie.

HL/ HaïtiLibre

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Haiti

Protests continue as violence intensifies

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ANKARA

Anti-government protests continue to rock the Caribbean nation of Haiti for more than a year, with violence taking a deadly toll. 

Gunfire interrupted on the first day of Haiti’s biggest carnival in the capital of Port-au-Prince last weekend, leaving at least one person dead and several wounded.

Carnival celebrations were canceled Sunday by the government “in order to avoid a planned bloodshed,” according to a statement released by the Communication Ministry.

The UN and the 35-member Organization of American States (OAS) regional bloc condemned increase violence and voiced concern for Haitians.

“We condemn the violence in Haiti and express our condolences to the families of the victims. We advocate for the solutions the country needs: end of violence, violence is not acceptable in any form, and above all, it is not acceptable with the intention of a violent change in the established democratic regime; political dialogue; stability; formation of a government and parliamentary elections as soon as technically possible,” OAS Secretary-General Luis Almagro tweeted Monday.

The UN also expressed concern about the police and military and condemned the use of violence by those branches.

It called on “all sectors of national life, in particular the police who demand better working conditions, to avoid any situation which could cause tensions to escalate and jeopardize the security of citizens.”

The UN and OAS have supported negotiations in recent months to forge consensus on a political agreement, but talks failed to yield progress on the formation of a new government.

Protests began in July 2018 in response to increased fuel prices, however, it evolved into demands for the resignation of President Jovenel Moise with a new wave of protests in February 2019.

Protesters demand the creation of a transitional government to provide social programs and prosecute allegedly corrupt officials.

They accuse senior government officials, including Moise, of misusing as much as $38 billion in loans from the Petrocaribe — an oil alliance between Caribbean member states and Venezuela.



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