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Gunshots wound four at Haiti protest

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At least four people have been shot and wounded during a protest in Haiti’s capital after a speech by embattled President Jovenel Moise. Several hundred people were marching from the Delmas to Petionville neighbourhoods when shots were fired from nearby. Associated Press journalists didn’t see the source of the shooting, but saw a local journalist, a police officer and two protesters rushed away with apparent bullet wounds. No information was immediately available about the condition of the wounded people or their identities. Monday was the anniversary of a key battle of the Haitian Revolution, and earlier in the day Moise rejected calls to resign. The president said he would continue to try to negotiate with his opposition. Opponents say Moise should leave office over economic mismanagement and failure to investigate corruption. Leaders of the opposition including members of Haiti’s Senate organised months of protests that have paralysed the country but demonstrations have been slackening in recent days, with some sections of the capital returning to near-normal activity. Opposition members had called for mass marches on Monday but they did not materialise. “The country is more than divided, the country is torn apart,” Moise said after reviewing members of Haiti’s newly reconstituted army. “We ask for unity, between the rich and the poor, between those of the top and the bottom, between the people with black skin and light skin, between rural and urban. “If we were united as one we would not see exploitation of a small group while the majority stand in misery, poverty and insecurity. This is not what our ancestors wanted.” Australian Associated Press

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As protests ebb, Haiti faces economic hit

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PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti — The flaming barricades are mostly gone, protests have largely dissipated and traffic is once again clogging the streets of Haiti’s capital, but hundreds of thousands of people are now suffering deep economic aftershocks after more than two months of demonstrations.

The protests that drew tens of thousands of people at a time to demand the resignation of President Jovenel Moise also squeezed incomes, shuttered businesses and disrupted the transportation of basic goods.

“We are nearing a total crash,” Haitian economist Camille Chalmers said. “The situation is unsustainable.”

Haiti’s economy was already fragile when the new round of protests began in mid-September, organized by opposition leaders and supporters angry over corruption, spiraling inflation and dwindling supplies, including fuel. More than 40 people were killed and dozens injured as protesters clashed with police. Moise insisted he would not resign and called for dialogue.

The United Nations World Food Program says a recent survey found that 1 in 3 Haitians, or 3.7 million people, need urgent food assistance and 1 million are experiencing severe hunger. The program, which says it is trying to get emergency food assistance to 700,000 people, blames rising prices, the weakening local currency and a drop in agricultural production blamed partly on the disruption of recent protests.

In the past two years, Haiti’s currency, the gourde, declined 60% against the dollar and inflation recently reached 20%, Chalmers said. The rising cost of food is especially crucial in the country of nearly 11 million people. Some 60% make less than $2 a day and 25% earn less than $1 a day.

A 110-pound bag of rice has more than doubled in price in the local currency, said Marcelin Saingiles, a store owner who sells everything from cold drinks to cookies to used tools in Port-au-Prince.

The 39-year-old father of three children said he now struggles to buy milk and vegetables.

“I feed the kids, but they’re not eating the way they’re supposed to,” he said, adding that he has drained the funds set aside for his children’s schooling to buy food.

A growing number of families across Haiti can’t even afford to do that since the protests began, with barricades preventing the flow of goods between the capital and the rest of the country.

Many of those families live in Haiti’s rural areas, which also have been hit by demonstrations that continue in some cities and towns.

Wadlande Pierre, 23, said she temporarily moved in with her aunt in the southwest town of Les Cayes to escape the protests in Port-au-Prince. However, she had to move back to the capital because there was no gas, power or water in Les Cayes, and food was becoming scarce.

“There is no access to basic items that you need,” she said.

Pierre is now helping her mother, Vanlancia Julien, sell fruits and vegetables on a sidewalk in the Delmas neighborhood in the capital.

Julien said she recently lost a couple of hundred dollars’ worth of produce because she could not go out on the street to sell while protests were going on.

“All the melon, avocado, mango, pineapple, bananas, all of them spoiled,” she said.

Last year, sales were good, but she is now making a third of what she used to earn before the protests began, even though streets have reopened.

“That doesn’t amount to anything,” she said. “The fact that people don’t go out to work, it’s less people moving around and makes it harder for me.”

Chalmers warned that economic recovery will be slow if the political instability continues, adding that the situation is the worst Haiti has faced in recent years.

“A lot of crises came together,” he said. “Not only the economic one, but the political and fiscal ones.”

A Section on 12/08/2019

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Nature-Based Climate Solutions Opportunity for Latin America and the Caribbean

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Cozumel, Mexico, protected area along the Caribbean coast. (Credit: Devin H/Unsplash)

WASHINGTON, United States, Friday December 6, 2019
(IPS)
– Protecting and restoring natural
areas in Latin America, home to 50 per cent of the planet’s biodiversity and
over a quarter of its forests, is critical if the world is to avert a biodiversity
and climate disaster.

Scientific reports have confirmed that
urgent action is required to turn back the tide on these twin crises. The best
available science also confirms that, coupled with drastically cutting
green-house gas emissions from fossil fuels, changing how we use land and
ecosystems can help avoid a biodiversity freefall and prevent the worst impacts
of climate change.

Latin America’s biodiversity has
plummeted in the last 40 years and the region is already experiencing the
impacts of climate change first hand. Failure to protect and restore the
region’s natural resources is not a viable option—for the region nor the world.

Fortunately, countries in the region
are making progress on both counts and could help forge a path that supports
human wellbeing by protecting natural systems.

COP25 is an opportunity for Latin
American countries to demonstrate their commitment and ambition in this area.

Countries in Latin America have
already shown important leadership in establishing protected areas and other
conservation strategies.

Scientists recommend that we protect
30 per cent of the earth’s lands and 30 per cent of its oceans by 2030 (30×30)
to put the world on track toward a climate resilient future and restore
critical ecosystem services.

This is an ambitious, yet realistic
and necessary path where Latin America can demonstrate its leadership.
According to World Bank data, Latin America and the Caribbean already has a
greater percentage of land (23.4 per cent) under protected status than the
world average (14.7 per cent).

Several countries, including Ecuador,
Panama, and Peru, have already met or surpassed the Convention of Biological
Diversity’s (CBD) target of protecting 17 per cent of terrestrial areas by
2020. Others, like Costa Rica, are very close to meeting the 30 per cent goal
scientists are calling for, or indeed have already met it.

The World Bank’s data also shows that
marine protected areas represent 17.5 per cent of the region’s territorial
waters. Several countries including Chile, Colombia, and Mexico have met or
surpassed the CBD’s target of protecting 10 per cent of coastal and marine
areas by 2020.

However, there is still work left to
do to meet the scientific recommendation of protecting 30 per cent of global
marine areas. Among other things, it will be key to ensure ocean protections
focus on the right places and provide the right safeguards.

Countries in the region that already
protect significant portions of their territory, or are working to expand
protections, are well placed to help drive forward high ambition
internationally.

At the third regional congress on
protected areas held in October in Lima, Peru, participants from local
governments, indigenous communities and civil society representing 33 countries
issued a declaration committing to “improving the management of protected areas
and other conservation strategies…to conserve what we have, and to recover what
we have lost, in order to guarantee development, enhance wellbeing, health,
cultural expressions and life in cities.”

The event generated inputs and
recommendations for global climate and biodiversity discussions. A key
contribution from the region is the experience of Indigenous Peoples who have
been shown to be the best custodians of the region’s forests and biodiversity
treasures.

The region has also seen a number of
innovative approaches to conservation including payments for ecosystem
services, agroforestry, community forestry concessions, and privately led
protected areas.

The potential for nature-based
solutions in Latin America is vast. The Special Report on Climate Change and
Land, released by the IPCC last August made it abundantly clear that
sustainable land management is vital to limiting warming to 1.5 degrees
Celsius.

Countries in the region can lead on
identifying and implementing nature-based solutions that help combat climate
change, preserve biodiversity stocks, and strengthen the resilience of communities.
In turn, the international community should support these efforts by directing
technical and financial resources toward these solutions.

Nature-based solutions focus on
protecting, managing and restoring natural areas to provide environmental and societal
benefits. In Latin America, preventing the degradation, disturbance and
deforestation of the region’s forests avoids climate-warming emissions from
entering the atmosphere, while also protecting critical local water and
species.

Similarly, protecting and restoring
mangrove forests in northern South America, which harbour nearly as much “blue
carbon” as mangroves in Asia, brings mitigation benefits while protecting
communities from storms and flooding. And in places prone to drought and
wildfire, well managed natural grasslands store carbon in their root mass while
also replenishing water reserves.

Latin American cities can also apply
nature-based solutions, for example green infrastructure like green roofs,
bioswales and permeable pavements can help clean the air, reduce excessive
heat, alleviate floods, and filter water.

Failing to act with urgency is not an
option. The region has lost 89 per cent of its vertebrate wildlife populations
since 1970 (compared to the 60 per cent for the entire planet). Conservative
estimates from ECLAC put the economic cost of climate change for the region at
between 1.5 per cent and 5 per cent of the region’s GDP by 2050.

Implementing nature-based climate
solutions and equitably distributing their costs and benefits are one way that
Latin American countries can ensure the well-being of citizens and build more
just and equal societies.

There is an opportunity for renewed
leadership at COP25. The nature and climate nexus is poised to be an important
part of the conversations at COP25 in Madrid, Spain over the next two weeks.

The COP presents an ideal opportunity for countries from the region to establish themselves as leaders—or laggards—on nature-based climate solutions and the target of protecting 30 per cent of nature that science recommends, and humanity’s well-being requires.

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iciHaïti – Santé : La Ministre Marie Greta Roy Clément, honoré par le CAN

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iciHaïti – Santé : La Ministre Marie Greta Roy Clément, honoré par le CAN
08/12/2019 09:08:27

iciHaïti - Santé : La Ministre Marie Greta Roy Clément, honoré par le CAN

Vendredi 6 décembre, la Direction du Centre Ambulancier National a organisé une cérémonie de remise de plaque d’honneur au Dr. Marie Greta Roy Clément, la Ministre de la Santé Publique.

La cérémonie s’est déroulée au Ministère, en présence notamment du Directeur Général le Dr. Lauré Adrien, de quelques membres du Cabinet de la Ministre, d’une délégation du CAN composée du Directeur le Dr.Didié Hérold Louis, de l’administrateur, Ernst Augustin, des coordonnateurs accompagnés de quelques membres du personnel des Réseaux Ambulanciers Du Nord, Nord-Est, Sud, Sud-Est, des Nippes et de l’Ouest, d’un représentant de chaque service du CAN central.

La Direction et le personnel du Centre Ambulancier National (CAN) en ont profité pour féliciter la Ministre pour les retombées positives des différentes actions entreprises contribuant au bon fonctionnement du CAN.

Lire aussi :
https://www.icihaiti.com/article-29194-icihaiti-sante-bilan-du-centre-ambulancier-national.html
https://www.icihaiti.com/article-29085-icihaiti-taiwan-renforcement-du-centre-ambulancier-national.html
https://www.haitilibre.com/article-28893-haiti-manifestations-nouvelle-attaque-d-ambulance.html
https://www.icihaiti.com/article-28866-icihaiti-securite-protegez-les-ambulances.html
https://www.icihaiti.com/article-28444-icihaiti-sante-remise-de-3-ambulances.html
https://www.icihaiti.com/article-28353-icihaiti-grand-anse-remise-d-une-ambulance-a-pestel.html
https://www.icihaiti.com/article-28280-icihaiti-croix-des-bouquets-remise-d-une-ambulance-a-cornillon-grand-bois.html
https://www.icihaiti.com/article-28000-icihaiti-securite-protegez-nos-ambulances.html
https://www.icihaiti.com/article-27182-icihaiti-sante-le-centre-ambulancier-national-fete-ses-7-ans.html

IH/ iciHaïti

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